We supply silver nitrate in 25g, 100g and 250g containers, with discounts available for bulk orders
This product is sold as white crystals with >99.9% purity levels
Full MSDS can be found on our website
In addition, we also supply 0.1M, 0.01M and 0.02M silver nitrate solutions
What is Silver Nitrate?
With the molecular formula AgNO3, silver nitrate is an inorganic compound in the form of odourless white crystals. Historically, it was once called lunar caustic as ancient alchemists believed silver was related to the moon.
Typical Reactions Involving Silver Nitrate
A common reaction, known to many students around the world, involves suspending a copper rod in a silver nitrate solution. After a few hours, the solution is turned blue as the silver nitrate reacts with copper to generate silver metal crystals leaving copper nitrate (blue) in solution.
2 AgNO3 Cu → Cu(NO3)2 2 Ag
Another well-known reaction involves decomposition of silver nitrate at high temperatures. This reaction becomes particularly prevalent as the temperature approaches its melting point (250 degree Celsius) and will totally decompose at temperatures above 400 degree Celsius. Interestingly, this reaction produces elemental silver (Ag) instead of silver oxide, as it would be expected from the decomposition of metal nitrates.
2 AgNO3(l) → 2 Ag(s) O2(g) 2 NO2(g)
How is Silver Nitrate Made?
Silver nitrate is usually prepared by mixing silver and nitric acid. The reaction produces silver nitrate, water and nitrogen oxide, but the exact ratio varies with the reaction conditions and nitric acid concentration:
Diluted and cold HNO3 solutions: 3 Ag 4 HNO3 → 3 AgNO3 2 H2O NO Hot and concentrated HNO3 solutions: Ag 2 HNO3 → AgNO3 H2O NO2
More Than 40 Years’ Experience
ReAgent has been an established chemical manufacturer for over 30 years and during that period, we’ve built an enviable reputation for high-quality products and excellent customer service. If you need assistance, a member of staff will be glad to help before, during and after your order. Contact us for further information or free technical advice.
Hazard Statement Code
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
May be corrosive to metals.
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
May intensify fire; oxidiser.
Precautionary Statement Code
Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face protection.
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
Dispose of contents/ container in accordance with local regulations.
As a leading UK manufacturer of silver nitrate for over 40 years, ReAgent is able to handle all orders of silver nitrate no matter how large or small. We supply silver nitrate in a variety of grades and solutions, produced by dissolving silver in nitric acid to a specified concentration.
We are a quality assured company working to stringent ISO 9001 Quality Management System requirements at all times. This ensures full traceability on all our products and orders. We also retain accreditation to the ISO 14000 Environmental Standard, a sign of our proud commitment to the environment.
Silver Nitrate Uses
Silver nitrate solution is a salt that is widely used in laboratories, industrially and in many everyday products. Popular applications include:
Testing for chloride
In the production of pharmaceuticals
In the medical industry as an antibacterial/antimicrobial, haemostatic, pain reliever and on wounds as a healing agent
To prepare certain silver-based explosives such as silver fulminate, azide or acetylide.
Hazards and Dangers
Silver nitrate in its purest form is hazardous, corrosive and dangerous for the environment. It will also stain the skin by darkening it.
It is crucially important that this product is handled responsibly by qualified persons wearing appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). This includes gloves, eye protection, protective clothing and safety boots or shoes.
In a diluted solution silver nitrate does not warrant any hazardous warning symbols. However, this chemical should still be treated with care. Whether purchasing silver nitrate in solid or solution form, customers should consult the relevant Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for handling and storage information. These are available to download from this page.